Double storey terraces on Drummond street, typical of much of Carlton's residential districts Housing commission in Carlton. Carlton is characterised by medium- to high-density housing, with a mix of apartments and student accommodation, attached and semidetached terraces mostly from the Victorian era and mix use buildings Apartments The two main housing commission estates are between Lygon and Rathdowne Streets, and between Nicholson and Canning Streets.
These are configured as a mixture of 4 and 5-storey walk-up flats and storey high-rise towers which are in the process of being redeveloped as mixed-tenure housing.
The development of new apartment buildings to accommodate international student market since the late s has transformed the once low-rise skyline of Swanston Streetso that its predominant height is about 10—11 storeys. Some strata titled apartments are clustered fronting suburb's parks and gardens.
Semi-detached housing makes up most of the remaining occupied private dwellings Today these homes are highly sought after, attract high prices and have been the primary of gentrification. Many are contained within heritage overlays and have individual heritage listings.
Though many terraces in Carlton no longer function as residences and have either been converted for mixed use or facaded as part of larger developments. Public spaces[ edit ] Carlton Gardens Carlton's public spaces were planned in the Victorian era and notably are all garden squares. These are rectilinear green spaces surrounded by buildings, based on a model fashionable in Europe. The largest of these squares is the 26 hectare Carlton Gardens, planned for the World Exhibition. Lincoln Square on Swanston Street has a Bali Memorialcommemorating the victims of the Bali bombings officially opened on 12 Octoberthe third anniversary of the explosion that killed innocent people, including 88 Australians.
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The northern part of Argyle Square, adjacent to Lygon Street, has been redeveloped into an Italian style piazza, known as Piazza Italia, in a joint project between the City of Melbourne and its twin city, Milan.
A giant sundial is the main feature of the piazza. It is noted for its energy, which is typical of the early Australian theatre scene in the s.
Besides that, Cinema Nova on Lygon Street shows many Australian and international art-house films, while Readings Bookstore has been a hub for literary and musical connoisseurs since the s. Landmarks and heritage[ edit ] Royal Exhibition Building on Rathdowne Street Carlton is home to some of Melbourne's most historically significant buildings such as Melbourne Trades Hall and the World Heritage Site of the Carlton Gardensthe Royal Exhibition Building and the ruins of the old Carlton Brewerya collection of buildings constructed between andall listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.
The Carlton Gardens are also home to the Melbourne Museum. Carlton has many 19th century public buildings. H Austin and constructed between and The Police Station no builtCourt House no built —88 and Medley Hall no48 built —93 are other notable heritage buildings.
Sport[ edit ] Carlton is the home of the Australian rules football club, the Carlton Football Club known as 'the Blues'who are based at their former home ground, the Princes Park Football Groundin nearby North Carlton.
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Lygon Street, Grattan Street and Queensberry Street were part of the route of the marathon in the Commonwealth Gameswhich was hosted in Melbourne. Economy and commerce[ edit ] "Little Italy", Lygon Street Lygon Street, which runs through the heart of Carlton, is a centre of Italian culture and cuisine. Harris started the world's first dental school in Bainbridge, Ohioand helped to establish dentistry as a health profession. It opened on 21 Februaryand today is a dental museum.
Studies show that dentists that graduated from different countries,  or even from different dental schools in one country,  may make different clinical decisions for the same clinical condition. For example, dentists that graduated from Israeli dental schools may recommend the removal of asymptomatic impacted third molar wisdom teeth more often than dentists that graduated from Latin American or Eastern European dental schools. In most western countries, to become a qualified dentist one must usually complete at least four years of postgraduate study;  within the European Union the education has to be at least five years.
Dentists usually complete between five and eight years of post-secondary education before practising. Though not mandatory, many dentists choose to complete an internship or residency focusing on specific aspects of dental care after they have received their dental degree.
Specialty dentistry Some dentists undertake further training after their initial degree in order to specialize. Exactly which subjects are recognized by dental registration bodies varies according to location.
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Dental public health — The study of epidemiology and social health policies relevant to oral health. Conservative dentistry and endodontics: The art and science of restoring the tooth form and function when destructed by carious and non carious lesions affecting the teeth, before involvement of pulp or root canal is termed as conservative dentistry.
When the root canal are involved, the speciality is known as endodontics. This speciality degree is awarded in India.
Endodontics also called endodontology — Root canal therapy and study of diseases of the dental pulp and periapical tissues. Forensic odontology — The gathering and use of dental evidence in law. This may be performed by any dentist with experience or training in this field.
The function of the forensic dentist is primarily documentation and verification of identity. Geriatric dentistry or Geriodontics — The delivery of dental care to older adults involving the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of problems associated with normal aging and age-related diseases as part of an interdisciplinary team with other health care professionals. Oral and maxillofacial pathology — The study, diagnosis, and sometimes the treatment of oral and maxillofacial related diseases.
Oral and maxillofacial radiology — The study and radiologic interpretation of oral and maxillofacial diseases. Oral and maxillofacial surgery also called oral surgery — Extractionsimplantsand surgery of the jaws, mouth and face. Oral medicine — The clinical evaluation and diagnosis of oral mucosal diseases Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics — The straightening of teeth and modification of midface and mandibular growth.
Pediatric dentistry also called pedodontics — Dentistry for children Periodontology also called periodontics — The study and treatment of diseases of the periodontium non-surgical and surgical as well as placement and maintenance of dental implants Prosthodontics also called prosthetic dentistry — Denturesbridges and the restoration of implants.
Some prosthodontists further their training in "oral and maxillofacial prosthodontics", which is the discipline concerned with the replacement of missing facial structures, such as ears, eyes, noses, etc. Special needs dentistry also called special care dentistry — Dentistry for those with developmental and acquired disabilities.
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Veterinary dentistrya speciality of veterinary medicine — The field of dentistry applied to the care of animals. Farmer at the dentist, Johann Lissc.
The legend of the worm is also found in the writings of Homer [ where? The Egyptians bound replacement teeth together with gold wire. Roman medical writer Cornelius Celsus wrote extensively of oral diseases as well as dental treatments such as narcotic-containing emollients and astringents.