Robert Allerton Robert Henry Allerton — was heir to a Chicago banking and stockyard fortune created by his father, Samuel Allerton —one of the founders of Chicago's Union Stock Yards.
Robert was artistically inclined from his youth, and he studied art for four years in Munich, Paris and London. In he returned to Illinois and settled on one of the family's farms near Monticello. Two years later he began work on the imposing brick mansion. Throughout the next forty—seven years Robert Allerton and his adopted son, John Gregg Allerton —transformed their country house, The Farms, into a central Illinois showplace estate, with activity climaxing in the s and early s.
Allerton also pursued ties with the University of Illinois. This association continued until the completion of the Master Plan of the area south of the Auditorium. InAllerton established the Allerton Scholarships in American architecture. Annually, he invited graduating students in architecture and landscape architecture to The Farms. At the time, taxes on Allerton land accounted for one-fifth of all tax revenue to support public works in the Willow Branch Township. The university, however, disputed its obligation to pay taxes on the estate, citing itself as a non-profit, tax exempt state institution.
The Township, not wishing to lose a significant portion of its tax funding, protested. The University was found in to be in delinquency of unpaid real estate taxes. A later Illinois Supreme Court ruling resolved the matter: The public park and woodland acreage are today tax-exempt; only the income-generating farmland is taxed. The estate was logically divided into three areas.
The principal area of 1, acres, originally known as the Woodland Property, was renamed the Robert Allerton Park. A smaller area of land located north of the Park area was put to use for the Illinois 4-H Memorial Camp and its related recreational programs.
Finally, the third and largest area composing 3, acres of land in eight different farms all north of the Sangamon river was farmed by tenants and the income used to support the rest of the Park. The tenants are required to submit cash bids for leases on the land they farm. After the university took possession of the estate in October the park remained closed to the public because it lacked staff and amenities.
The first event on the grounds was a gala garden party on 16 May to celebrate the inauguration of George D. Stoddard — as president of the University of Illinois. An open house on 24 May gave the public a glimpse of the future park, but the grounds remained closed until Several years were required to prepare Allerton House as a conference center, with the first conference being held in June This was a Seminar on Educational Radio with participants from all over the United States and several foreign countries.
The two-week conference was directed by university specialists in mass communications. The gardens incorporate many pieces of sculpture and ornaments. Directions in the park are generally given as if the axis was straight east and west. Fu Dog Garden[ edit ] This garden, featuring an array of 22 blue porcelain Fu Dog statues in front of white fir trees, was originally commissioned in to display Allerton's collection of the ceramic statues.
The focal point of the garden is these 22 statues mounted on concrete pedestals. Standing behind the pedestals are opposing rows of fir trees that form the garden's outer border. To allow enough sunlight to reach the garden, the surrounding woods were cut back approximately feet.
North of this garden stands the House of the Golden Buddhas, a folly which permits an aerial view of the garden. It was redone into its present form inand plantings were started in In the years since then a sundial and a Longshadow planter have been added.
It was originally a vegetable garden with bean trellises and a dipping pool in the center for irrigation. In the s the plantings were changed to grassy quadrants bordered with hedges. Large parts of the walls were entirely demolished and rebuilt.
Eight stone fruit baskets and six orb finials, or globe stones, dating from were replaced on the new walls. New walkways, including an ADA wheelchair ramp, were installed, along with new plants, flowers, espaliered apple trees, and other landscape elements. On the gateposts at the east and west ends are two stone animal sculptures called Assyrian Lions patterned after an ancient prototype. This replaced an earlier tower built to enclose the stairs to the now closed Wall Walk along the Peony Garden.
Peony Garden[ edit ] This garden was designed to showcase nearly 70 varieties of peonies and is enclosed on three sides with concrete walls. The north wall has a cantilevered Wall Walk intended to permit visitors an aerial view of the garden. Due to age and deterioration of the wall, the walkway was closed by the s. Two large fish fountain statues purchased by Robert Allerton in Peking now Beijing in sit in the center of each maze. Two stair towers outside the garden wall once permitted garden visitors access to an aerial view of the Maze from the Wall Walk.
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Unfortunately, the towers are no longer standing today. This figure is based on a Roman original in the Naples Museum. These obelisks were designed and carved by Charles Laing of Chicago for Robert Allerton, and were formerly on either side of the Allerton House entrance door. An earlier design of the garden featured gazebos at either end. John Gregg Allerton redesigned the garden several times through the years with the final version being completed in The garden is now a favorite spot for weddings, concerts and graduation ceremonies.
The Sunken Garden features a large, open grassy area sunken below the usual ground level, surrounded by walls and with four towering Balinese style gateways. Atop the gateways are bronzed Guardian Fish statues called shachi. They were thought to protect the home from fires.
Robert Allerton purchased them in Japan where he had seen the originals at Nagoya Castle. Gateways and fish were added c. It is sometimes referred to as the "Fu Dog Tower. In summerextensive repairs were made to the tower, including restoration of the roof, and removal of the windows, which were not original to the building. In this space was just a tree-lined avenue. The statues were moved from the Lost Garden located on the South Side of the park to this area in The statue depicts the Greek sun god Apollo.
On his helmet is the winged horse Pegasus, and relief figures of the nine Muses surround the base. Under his right foot is a tortoise, an allusion to the first lyre made of tortoise shell by Hermes and given to Apollo. Half man, half horse, the centaur represents the musician Chiron, who offered his own life in exchange for that of Prometheus, the benefactor of the human race in ancient Greek mythology.
There is a small parking lot and a wooded path to the sculpture. Most likely after many of your encounters with this person, you end up feeling guilty, upset, emotionally drained and confused. You may even feel like you're completely useless or incompetent.
The most difficult times to deal with this type of negative person is when they're in the role of your boss, your parent, or your significant other. This type of person isn't always easy to identify at first. For ease of reading this article, I'm going to use "he" throughout but a blamer can be male or female.
The blamer can be very charming and likeable yet also have this darker side. When you're dealing with the darker side, it will feel like the rug is always being pulled out from under you and nothing you do is ever right, or you get blamed for his mistakes or his deceptions. Trying to be rational with him doesn't work. Trying to get him to see how hurt you feel by what he's doing doesn't work. In fact, these two tactics will make it much, much worse.
So, what should we call this particular type of negative person? I tend to call them blamers because they always blame someone else for anything and everything. They are never the one at fault. This is one of the main clues to identifying this type of personality.
They always blame everyone else but themselves when things go wrong. They are extreme blamers though in that this blaming aspect is a main part of their personality. They're not someone who just occasionally blames others when they get frustrated. You'll sometimes hear what I call "blamers" also being referred to as "narcissists" by psychologists. When I first heard this description of them, I didn't associate it with the type of personality I was constantly encountering.
I thought of narcissists as meaning people who are basically in love with themselves, only talk about themselves, and don't care about anyone else. But, this is only one very specific type of narcissist. There are many different layers and levels to narcissists and you'll find that they can come across as very caring towards others in certain situations, seem charming and interested in you when you first meet, talk about other people and just do not seem to match the most well known description of a narcissist.
They can come across as truly nice people in the beginning, and it's not until later that you suddenly realize you feel like you're trapped in a nightmare and also that you're now very much involved even though you may not want to be.
Whether they're called blamers or narcissists, I think this is one of the most destructive types of negative people you can ever deal with. They can have an extremely negative effect on your thinking and your own behavior. They can actually cause such intense anguish and distress, it will last a lifetime until you gain the awareness that it wasn't you, it was the situation that you were or are currently in.
If you've been a victim of this type of negative person, you may feel like there is something wrong with you and that if only you were better, or smarter, or nicer, or more competent at your job, or just did the right things for once then the situation would be better between you and the negative person.
You end up feeling like it's all your fault which can end up causing depression, self loathing, or other self destructive tendencies.
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It's a very different reaction from the view point of the narcissist or blameras he really doesn't see anything wrong with what he does. The fact that you the victim are so upset or feel terrible about things, is simply due to his believing you're wrong and he's right.
He also thinks it's his duty or that he's "helping" by putting others down, telling them what they're doing wrong, or blaming them for things. He often doesn't respect other people's boundaries walks in without knocking, borrows your stuff, takes credit for your work.
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In his eyes, he can do no wrong. He also likes to be admired or envied. Defending yourself from this type of person will only make the situation much worse and you'll end up being attacked even more. If you point out how you're innocent and didn't do anything wrong or that he's really to blame then an explosion of anger will most likely occur. Then the tables will be quickly turned on you and the blamer will make it appear that everything is entirely your fault.
He's innocent and you're the evil one. You'll also find that he expects you to do things "exactly" as he would do it.
This is because he doesn't see you as a separate person. You are a reflection on him. Nothing you do is ever right though and he'll constantly criticize you and belittle you. Micromanaging is something he loves to do as well.
A clue that you're dealing with this type of personality is that he tends to show different sides of his behavior to different people. For example, one child may be treated differently than the others. In the situation of a blamer boss, he'll be very nice to his superiors or certain colleagues yet absolute "HELL" to work for. He can also be very hot and cold in his relationships in that one moment everything is fine and then the next he's intensely angry at you.
This is one of the reasons it can cause such mental distress for the victim. Other people don't understand what it's like because they can't always see what's really going on. The blamer will be highly admired by some as they never see this dark side of his behavior. On the flip side, he's very sensitive to any perceived criticism from others and may even start to attack or say he's been deeply hurt even when no true criticism has been said.
With some blamers, they are deceptive and manipulative all the time. Often, they see nothing wrong with lying and will lie even if there's no need to. Another interesting characteristic they tend to have is that they tend to project any of their own wrong doings on to someone else.
The biggest clue of all that you may be dealing with a narcissist is actually how it makes you feel. If you feel distressed, anxious, guilty, like you're incompetent after dealing with him, then this is a good sign you may be dealing with a narcissist.